While responsibilities and requirements differ depending on which part of the world the legal entity is registered, you can ensure that each legal entity must submit some form of report to regulators, industry associations, or government departments on a semi-regular basis, whether it`s financial statements, monthly tax returns, or confirmation of director`s information. Keeping track of all the regulatory responsibilities of your legal entity can be both time-consuming and complex, especially if you add multiple entities within a business structure in the mix. Commercial companies are called kaisha (会社) and are incorporated under the Companies Law of 2005. There are currently (2015) 4 types and each of them has legal personality: again, state laws can determine the true legal responsibility of the partners and separate the partnerships as SLEs from the partners themselves. When drafting the contract, it is essential to identify which legal entity is contractually responsible for paying your business. Consider the research you did to name your own business. Many companies may have similar or common names. The question “What does a legal entity mean?” varies greatly by location. Although a legal entity is always defined in the same way, i.e. as a corporation or organization with legal rights and obligations, its final form may be different. In lawsuits involving religious entities, the deity (the deity or god is a supernatural being considered divine or holy) is also a “legal person” that can participate in a dispute through a “trustee” or “temple administrative authority.” The Supreme Court of India (SC) ruled in 2010, ruling on Ram Janmabhoomi`s Ayodhya case, that the Rama deity in the respective temple was a “legal person” entitled to be represented by its own lawyer appointed by the directors acting on behalf of the deity.
Similarly, the Supreme Court ruled in 2018 that the Ayyappan deity was a “legal person” with a “right to privacy” in the court case concerning the entry of women into Lord Ayyapan`s Sabarimala shrine.  When starting your business, one of the most important decisions you made was the name of the business. When legally registering your business, you probably also had to choose between “LLC”, “Inc”, “Corp” and so on. You`ve done some research to make sure no other organization shares your company name. The same goes for your customers. If you don`t know their full legal name, you may find your business in a dilemma in the event of a breach of contract. Indian law defines two types of “legal entities”, human beings as well as certain non-human entities that have the same legal personality as human beings. Non-human entities that are legally designated as “corporations” “have ancillary rights and obligations; They can sue and be sued, can own and transfer property.” Because these non-human entities are “voiceless,” they are legally represented “by guardians and agents” to assert their legal rights and fulfill their legal duties and responsibilities. Specific non-human entities with the status of “legal entity” include “legal personality, political bodies, non-profit trade unions, etc.” as well as trusts, deities, temples, churches, mosques, hospitals, universities, colleges, banks, railways, municipalities and gram panchayats (village councils), rivers, all animals and birds.  In animal court proceedings, animals have the status of “legal persons” and humans have a legal obligation to act as “loco parentis” to animal welfare, as a parent does to minor children.
A court ruled in 2014 in the case “Animal Welfare Board of India vs Nagaraja” that animals are also entitled to the fundamental right to liberty enshrined in Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, i.e. the right to life, personal liberty and the right to die with dignity (passive euthanasia). In another case, a court in the state of Uttarakhand ordered animals to have the same rights as humans. In another cow smuggling case, the High Court of Punjab and Haryana ordered that “the entire animal kingdom, including species of birds and aquatic animals” should have a “separate legal personality with the corresponding rights, duties and responsibilities of a living person” and that humans be “loco parentis”, while setting standards for animal welfare, Veterinary treatment, feeding and shelter, for example, animal cars can have no more than four people. and transported animals must not be loaded beyond the established limits, and these limits must be halved if the animals are to carry the load on a slope.  In Act II, scene 1 of Gilbert and Sullivan`s 1889 opera The Gondoliers, Giuseppe Palmieri (who serves as King of Barataria with his brother Marco) asks that he and his brother be recognized separately so that they can each receive individual portions of food, as they have “two independent appetites.” However, it is rejected by the court (composed of other gondoliers) because the common rule”. is a legal person, and legal persons are solemn things. A legal or legal person (Latin: persona ficta; also a legal person) has a legal name and has certain legal rights, protections, privileges, responsibilities and obligations, similar to those of a natural person. The concept of legal person is a fundamental legal fiction. It is relevant to the philosophy of law as it is essential for laws affecting a company (corporate law).
South Korea`s legal entities are a remnant of the Japanese occupation. Legal persons do not manage themselves. Whether you manage multiple entities or have only one to consider, entity management and governance is paramount to your compliance status. For the purposes of commercial law, a “legal person” is any natural person, company, company or organization that can lawfully enter into a binding contract with another legal person. A legal entity can be made up of many people, but has the ability to function in the same way as an individual, legally speaking. Registered companies are generally considered a legal entity. There are therefore two types of legal entities: human and non-human. In law, a human person is designated as a natural person (sometimes also as a natural person), and a non-human person is called a legal person (sometimes also as a legal, legal, artificial, legal or fictitious person, Latin: persona ficta). Legal entities are structured in such a way as to allow a higher level of protection of purely personal property from prosecution and regulatory sanctions. Each type of business offers different tax protections and burdens. As a general rule, for a commercial debt to be valid in court, it must exist between specified legal entities. Keep in mind that using the customer`s registered business name will help increase the collection of money in the event of a breach of contract.
Protect your business with a contract, full legal name of the company, and accurate customer information. Learn more about this third-party website (not affiliated with Enterprise Recovery) contributing to the use of legal names in contracts. In real estate companies, ownership or membership may belong either to the property or to a legal or natural person, depending on the form of the company. In many cases, membership or ownership of such an organization is mandatory for a person or property that meets the legal requirements for membership or wishes to engage in certain activities. Schedule a demo to learn how Diligent`s entity and board management software can help you keep your legal entities on the path to compliance. Not all organizations have legal personality.